The paper starts by providing a brief overview of CDF practices in other countries. From this overview, the paper draws three main lessons. Firstly, CDF has the potential to address urgent development needs and gaps between constituencies. But its effectiveness can be marred by a lack of transparency and accountability mechanisms. Secondly, CDF violates the separation of power between executives and the legislature and risks diluting the democratic process with patronage politics. Thirdly, CDF distorts political competition because it provides the elected representatives of the ruling party with better tools to influence voters’ choices.
With an understanding of the global practice, the paper examines how Malaysia manages its CDF. With the limited publicly available information, the paper attempts to outline the source of financing for CDF allocation to lawmakers at the state and federal levels, the purpose and distribution, the rules and process of disbursement, and the monitoring and oversight mechanisms.
This paper examines the status of youth suicides in Malaysia and provides policy recommendations for prevention. Some of the key recommendations proposed in this paper to address youth suicide in Malaysia are outlined below:
- The Ministry of Health should develop a comprehensive suicide prevention guideline specific to youths in collaboration with key stakeholders including Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources, and Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development, as well as non-governmental organizations.
- The National Suicide Registry should be resumed and information on age, gender, ethnicity, state, and methods of suicide should be included.
- A comprehensive needs assessment on the availability and gaps in suicide prevention and treatment services should be conducted.
- Implement regulations to limit access to means of suicide, such as toxic substances.
- Assess the accessibility and effectiveness of existing mental health services available to youths, such as counselling in educational settings.
- Awareness campaigns should equip individuals with practical and useful resources. Regular evaluations of the effectiveness of programs should also be carried out.
- Guidelines for media reporting of suicides need to be developed in close collaboration with regional and national media as well as psychosocial experts (e.g. clinical psychologists, social workers) to increase “buy in” and implementation of the guidelines.
This report documents research activity and four roundtable discussions on procurement legislation that the Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (IDEAS) undertook from June to October 2020. The aim of the research and roundtables was to contribute to the government’s effort to enact procurement legislation by 2023 as provided for by the National Anti-Corruption Plan (NACP) 2020. The roundtable discussions were attended by representatives from Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Academics, Government Linked Companies, and Chambers of Commerce. IDEAS thanks the participants for the insights and inputs during the discussion.
This report is the culmination of various briefing papers and advocacy activities in the past year under IDEAS’ ASEAN Prosperity Initiative (API). As COVID-19 has highlighted some of the blind spots within ASEAN’s governance framework, the report urges ASEAN governments to consider a more concentrated approach towards cooperation as the region recovers from the pandemic.
As one of Malaysia’s main commodities, the natural gas industry has a significant impact on the economy through various channels. The analysis in this paper provides background research for a project titled the Malaysia-Social Economic Impact Study (M-SEIS) sponsored by the Malaysian Gas Association (MGA) undertaken by IDEAS from October 2019 to February 2020.
The natural gas industry is a major contributor to the public finances, providing over a major source of government revenue. This is set to continue as we estimate that natural gas will contribute nearly RM400 billion to the public finances over the next decade.
Projek Pantau was originally intended to continue for the full five years of the government’s term in office, but following the change in government we needed to rethink our approach. Since there were not many major developments since the December Report Card and the change of government in February 2020, this Final Report Card looks back over the two years of the PH government and highlights the most important promises, including those that were achieved, those that were in progress and those that had fallen behind. The intention of the Final Report Card is also to highlight the current government areas in which they should focus their efforts to ensure further progress in reforming Malaysia’s institutions.
For this Report we have decided to focus on 34 high priority promises. This Report is not intended to provide a fully comprehensive account of all of PH’s policy commitments, but instead seeks to highlight a selection of the most important issues.