Policy Ideas 2021-02-24T22:17:49+08:00
Malaysian education: What do the poor really want?
Author: Tamanna Patel

Date: April 2014

This paper is an overview of the results of IDEAS’ nationwide education survey of households in the bottom 40 percent.

The average household income of the respondents was RM 919 per month. With over 1,200 households surveyed in six states across Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak, the results provide a glimpse into the barriers faced by low-income parents in Malaysia when they try to provide an education for their children. This paper elaborates on the five main findings which stood out from the data collected.

The Malaysian Trust School Model: It’s good but is it sustainable?
Author: Dr Arran Hamilton

Date: February 2014

In 2010 Yayasan AMIR and the Ministry of Education (MOE) embarked on the Trust School Programme, which was billed as a pioneering public-private partnership in education for Malaysia. This involved both organisations working together to improve the quality of learning and teaching in selected government schools. The early success of the programme resulted in a declaration by MOE, in the Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025, that 500 Trust Schools would be created by 2025.

Transparency in European public procurement: benefits and lessons for Malaysia
Authors: Dr Francesco Stol and Sri Murniati

Date: January 2014

Malaysia has rather robust procurement regulations that compel agencies to implement the principles of transparency, value for money, and fair dealings in procurement activities. However, there are areas in which Malaysia can improve especially to encourage competition and innovation. The paper outlines measures that can be adopted by the Malaysiangovernment to improve the competitiveness and transparency of its procurement system. These measures are inspired by the European Procurement system that is explored in the first part of the paper along with the benefits associated with greater transparency in public procurement.

Policy IDEAS No 9: Market solutions to education crisis
Author: Myron Lieberman

Date:  December 2013

The performance of Malaysian students in the PISA 2012 rankings once again left the nation wondering when copious amounts of public expenditure on education would translate to markedly improved results. Malaysian students showed some improvement in Mathematics moving up 17 points to 421, a two point decrease in Science at 420, and a 16 point decrease in Reading at 398. These results mean that not only do average Malaysian students perform well below the average OECD student, but they also fare worse than students in countries such as Thailand and Chile.

The hardware and the software to overcome a middle-income trap
Author: Wolfgang Kasper

Date: November 2013

No economy has ever been able to sustain membership in the high-income, developed-country league without having first adopted the institutions of secure private property rights and their free, competitive use under the rule of law that treats all citizens equally. These institutions (or rules) can be called the ‘software of free-market capitalism’.

Key failings in the Malaysian public procurement system and how they can be addressed by greater transparency
Author: Professor David Seth Jones

Date: December 2014

The paper examines opportunities and challenges for Malaysia if it accedes to a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) that has public procurement provisions. It examines the key provisions in the procurement chapter of an FTA, and the core principles that shape them, viz. non-discrimination, convergence, and transparency. The paper considers what suppliers must do to take full advantage of the opportunities offered by access to a much larger procurement market, and the consequent benefits to each partner country.

The benefits to Malaysia from the inclusion of procurement in an FTA are then identified, including the increased chances for Malaysian businesses to win contracts in foreign procurement markets, the resultant boost to exports, and improved procurement practices as a result of convergence and transparency.

After GE13: Strengthening Democracy in Malaysia
Author: Dato’ Muthiah Alagappa Ph.D

Date: August 2013

The outcome of Malaysia’s 13th General Election (GE13) is still contested. Some argue that since Pakatan Rakyat won the popular vote, Barisan Nasional therefore does not have the legitimacy to rule. But all political parties entered the election knowing that popular vote is not the deciding factor in a parliamentary system. Popular vote cannot be the basis to protest against the elected government, but it can be used to call for reform of the political system especially the electoral system.

School choice and school vouchers programmes: Why do they succeed and why do they fail – lessons for Malaysia?
Author: Joanna Lim | Wan Saiful Wan Jan

Date: July 2013

Private schools are usually associated with better quality but the cost is usually beyond the reach of the common citizen. However, this study shows that it is possible to introduce key elements of the private system – accountability, parental choice and competition – at a much lower cost or even for free to the students. This is a study of five schools in two Indian cities, Mumbai and Delhi. All the schools serve families with very low income, including those living in slum areas. We interviewed headmasters, teachers and parents. We found that two models exist: affordable private schools that charge a monthly fee (with a voucher system for those who cannot afford to pay anything), and government schools that are run by the private sector without charging any fee.