Brief Ideas 2020-11-20T17:10:35+08:00
Brief IDEAS No. 26 – Orang Asli and the Right to Self-Determination: Are we there yet?
Author: Gamaliel Kan
Date: September 2020

The UNDRIP: a universal framework of “the minimum standards for the survival, dignity, and well-being of the indigenous peoples of the world”. So, is Malaysia there yet?

Gamaliel Kan assesses the legal challenges faced by the Orang Asli communities in achieving their right to self-determination guaranteed by the UNDRIP.

API 2020 Briefing Paper No.1 – Post-COVID Supply Chain Reconfigurations: Convergence or Divergence in ASEAN Economic Integration?
Author: James Chin, Nur Zulaikha Azmi
Date: September 2020

There is no doubt that the Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) worked in its initial decades in providing a way for poor Bumiputera to get a head start in palm oil. However, this Monitor will argue that there are structural changes which influence the sustainability of the current FELDA model.

These changes include global decline in palm oil prices due to the end of the commodity super cycle and shifts in global demand for palm oil. In addition, previous efforts to diversify FELDA’s income through commercialisation, especially the establishment of FGV, has led to massive losses and shifts in the demography of settlers further necessitates review of the functions of FELDA.

This GLC Monitor calls for fundamental reforms to FELDA to address structural issues including those highlighted in the Monitor.

API 2020 Briefing Paper No.1 – Post-COVID Supply Chain Reconfigurations: Convergence or Divergence in ASEAN Economic Integration?
Author: Lau Zheng Zhou, Natasha Tan
Date: August 2020
The Covid-19 pandemic has exposed a systemic risk within the complex web of global value chains. Factory closures and human movement restrictions in one country will have an impact on another. Many multinational corporations are now considering adopting the China Plus One strategy, diversifying their supply chains out of China to protect against future shocks. The ASEAN region appears to be on the receiving end of these relocations.
Brief IDEAS No 22: Making sense of complexity in statutory body governance: A case study of MARA
Author: Rowena Sidhu
Date: August 2020
Assessing the policies and programs catered for the indigenous communities in Australia and Canada provide frameworks for understanding the problems faced by the Orang Asli community in Malaysia pertaining to the education gap as well as allows policymakers to formulate viable solutions in narrowing this gap. This brief provides an assessment of the cases of Australian and Canadian efforts to close the education gap based on literature and is designed to provide context for Malaysia’s policy making efforts.
Brief IDEAS No 22: Making sense of complexity in statutory body governance: A case study of MARA
Author: Laurence Todd
Date: August 2020
In this Monitor we consider what role Government Linked Companies (GLCs) might be expected to play in delivering “shared prosperity” in Malaysia and specifically, Bumiputera economic development. This Monitor will argue that a clear assessment of previous and ongoing efforts by GLCs is needed and is sorely lacking. Moreover, the scale and reach of the current GLC policies to support Bumiputera development are by their nature limited and should be secondary to broader structural reform, in which GLCs can play a key role and offer a more substantial contribution to shared prosperity.
Brief IDEAS No 22: Making sense of complexity in statutory body governance: A case study of MARA
Author: Lau Zheng Zhou, Zulaikha Azmi
Date: June 2020

The recent surge in politicians appointed to head government-linked entities has attracted broad criticism. These appointments are widely seen as political maneuverings by Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin to solidify his command of support of Dewan Rakyat members, thus ensuring the survival of the Perikatan Nasional (PN) government which he currently heads. What could the implications of these appointments be to the governance of public entities, especially in the case of statutory bodies?

This Monitor briefly discusses the recent political appointments in statutory bodies from a governance perspective. It then considers changes in the policy orientation of Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA) in three separate administrations.