Brief Ideas 2020-12-16T14:47:23+08:00
API 2020 Briefing Paper No. 04 - Intra-ASEAN migration: Risks and opportunities
Author: Armand Azra, Laurence Todd
Date: November 2020

Intra-ASEAN migration can be a driver of economic development and regional integration. But weaknesses in the current system – highlighted by the Covid-19 pandemic – demonstrate the need for reform. ASEAN Member States collectively and individually should work towards a human capital approach that promotes sustainable labour mobility.

Brief IDEAS No. 30 - COVID-19 and Malaysia’s Democratic Resilience
Author: Halmie Azrie, Faiz Zaidi, Marisha Ubrani, Iman Amran
Date: November 2020

The paper highlights that election-management will need to be improved, Parliamentary proceedings have been compromised, federal-state government relations and coordination have worsened and the lack of transparency and accountability in procurement and financial disclosure has undermined confidence in the response to the crisis.

Brief IDEAS No. 29 - Building SME digital resilience: What have we learned from the MCO?
Author: Dr. Avvari V Mohan, Lau Zheng Zhou
Date: November 2020

The unprecedented levels of unemployment and business closures reflects the impact of the movement control order (MCO) to address the Covid-19 pandemic. Even as lockdown restrictions are gradually being lifted, as consumer preferences change, businesses have had to innovate their offerings and the way they do their business.

API 2020 Briefing Paper No. 03- Keeping freights moving: Why ASEAN needs a Digital Integration Forum for the logistics sector
Author: Suraj Nair
Date: October 2020
ASEAN is the 6th largest economy in the world but its digital economy is only 7% of GDP compared to China (16%), EU (27%) and the US (35%). Digitalisation in the logistics sector is key to capture gains from ASEAN trade but there are institutional barriers to achieving that.
In this API Briefing Paper, we explored why ASEAN needs a Digital Integration Forum for the logistics sector.
API 2020 Briefing Paper No. 02- ASEAN Integration Through the Skies: The Current Progress in Preparation for 2025
Author: Ridha Aditya Nugraha
Date: October 2020

In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, aviation services face an existential crisis. In that context, consolidation through liberalisation can play a role in ensuring the survival and the sustainability of the aviation industry in ASEAN. This paper will analyse ASEAN integration through seamless air connectivity and consider the plausibility of ASEAN Community Carrier.

Brief IDEAS No. 28 – Tourism Recovery Plan: An Opportunity for Change Post COVID-19
Author: Yohendran Nadar Arulthevan, Adli Amirullah
Date: September 2020

COVID-19 has become a wake-up call for Malaysians to rethink our economy. Some sectors have fared far worse than others. The tourism sector, in particular, has been one of the worst-hit sectors in Malaysia following the massive contraction in both tourist arrivals and tourism expenditure. However, recent trends suggest that the tourism sector may have been stagnating over the past decade. These trends raise the need for us to understand the response of SMEs, the most important stakeholders within the tourism sector, towards emerging trends for a more sustainable recovery in the long run. In this policy brief, authors, Yohendran Nadar Arulthevan and Adli Amirullah aim to highlight the emerging trends within the tourism sector and the challenges tourism SMEs face in adapting to these trends.

Brief IDEAS No. 27 – COVID-19 Recovery Strategy: Malaysia as a Regional Manufacturing Hub
Author: Lau Zheng Zhou, Natasha Tan
Date: September 2020

This briefing paper aims to initiate a conversation on revisiting Malaysia’s macroeconomic policy for post-COVID growth and development. Given the recent relocations, Malaysia should pursue policies to attract multinational corporations (MNCs) in regionally competitive industries through developing a strong domestic industrial ecosystem in these sub-sectors, rather than through direct investment incentives. Adopting a ‘race to the top’ approach will better ensure that this outward-oriented strategy benefits a broad segment of the population—promoting a more inclusive recovery.