Policy IDEAS 2017-07-24T03:23:49+00:00

POLICY IDEAS

Generating best value for taxpayers’ money: How to improve transparency and accountability in Malaysia’s public contracting system
Author: Sri Murniati

Date: July 2014

The Malaysian government has embarked on initiatives to improve transparency in government procurement since 2010. More information about procurement activities are now available for the public. However there is room for improvement. The paper proposes the following five steps to improve this initiative.

Malaysian education: What do the poor really want?
Author: Tamanna Patel

Date: April 2014

This paper is an overview of the results of IDEAS’ nationwide education survey of households in the bottom 40 percent.

The average household income of the respondents was RM 919 per month. With over 1,200 households surveyed in six states across Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak, the results provide a glimpse into the barriers faced by low-income parents in Malaysia when they try to provide an education for their children. This paper elaborates on the five main findings which stood out from the data collected.

The Malaysian Trust School Model: It’s good but is it sustainable?
Author: Dr Arran Hamilton

Date: February 2014

In 2010 Yayasan AMIR and the Ministry of Education (MOE) embarked on the Trust School Programme, which was billed as a pioneering public-private partnership in education for Malaysia. This involved both organisations working together to improve the quality of learning and teaching in selected government schools. The early success of the programme resulted in a declaration by MOE, in the Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025, that 500 Trust Schools would be created by 2025.

Transparency in European public procurement: benefits and lessons for Malaysia
Authors: Dr Francesco Stol and Sri Murniati

Date: January 2014

Malaysia has rather robust procurement regulations that compel agencies to implement the principles of transparency, value for money, and fair dealings in procurement activities. However, there are areas in which Malaysia can improve especially to encourage competition and innovation. The paper outlines measures that can be adopted by the Malaysiangovernment to improve the competitiveness and transparency of its procurement system. These measures are inspired by the European Procurement system that is explored in the first part of the paper along with the benefits associated with greater transparency in public procurement.

Policy IDEAS No 9: Market solutions to education crisis
Author: Myron Lieberman

Date:  December 2013

The performance of Malaysian students in the PISA 2012 rankings once again left the nation wondering when copious amounts of public expenditure on education would translate to markedly improved results. Malaysian students showed some improvement in Mathematics moving up 17 points to 421, a two point decrease in Science at 420, and a 16 point decrease in Reading at 398. These results mean that not only do average Malaysian students perform well below the average OECD student, but they also fare worse than students in countries such as Thailand and Chile.

The hardware and the software to overcome a middle-income trap
Author: Wolfgang Kasper

Date: November 2013

No economy has ever been able to sustain membership in the high-income, developed-country league without having first adopted the institutions of secure private property rights and their free, competitive use under the rule of law that treats all citizens equally. These institutions (or rules) can be called the ‘software of free-market capitalism’.

Key failings in the Malaysian public procurement system and how they can be addressed by greater transparency
Author: Professor David Seth Jones

Date: December 2014

The paper examines opportunities and challenges for Malaysia if it accedes to a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) that has public procurement provisions. It examines the key provisions in the procurement chapter of an FTA, and the core principles that shape them, viz. non-discrimination, convergence, and transparency. The paper considers what suppliers must do to take full advantage of the opportunities offered by access to a much larger procurement market, and the consequent benefits to each partner country.

The benefits to Malaysia from the inclusion of procurement in an FTA are then identified, including the increased chances for Malaysian businesses to win contracts in foreign procurement markets, the resultant boost to exports, and improved procurement practices as a result of convergence and transparency.

After GE13: Strengthening Democracy in Malaysia
Author: Dato’ Muthiah Alagappa Ph.D

Date: August 2013

The outcome of Malaysia’s 13th General Election (GE13) is still contested. Some argue that since Pakatan Rakyat won the popular vote, Barisan Nasional therefore does not have the legitimacy to rule. But all political parties entered the election knowing that popular vote is not the deciding factor in a parliamentary system. Popular vote cannot be the basis to protest against the elected government, but it can be used to call for reform of the political system especially the electoral system.

School choice and school vouchers programmes: Why do they succeed and why do they fail – lessons for Malaysia?
Author: Joanna Lim | Wan Saiful Wan Jan

Date: July 2013

Private schools are usually associated with better quality but the cost is usually beyond the reach of the common citizen. However, this study shows that it is possible to introduce key elements of the private system – accountability, parental choice and competition – at a much lower cost or even for free to the students. This is a study of five schools in two Indian cities, Mumbai and Delhi. All the schools serve families with very low income, including those living in slum areas. We interviewed headmasters, teachers and parents. We found that two models exist: affordable private schools that charge a monthly fee (with a voucher system for those who cannot afford to pay anything), and government schools that are run by the private sector without charging any fee.

Fake medicines in Asia
Author: Philip Stevens & Dr. Helmy Haja Mydin

Date: February 2013

Fake medicines – which are either criminally motivated or the result of lax manufacturing standards – are a worsening problem, particularly in Asia. In some of poorer parts of the continent, up to a quarter of medicines fail quality tests.

Evidence shows that cheap generic drugs are the most faked medicines in Asia, although there appears to be a particular problem with anti-malarial drugs in places such as Laos and Cambodia. China and India appear to be production hotspots.

Giving Voice to the Poor
Author: Philip Stevens & Dr. Helmy Haja Mydin

Date: February 2013

Fake medicines – which are either criminally motivated or the result of lax manufacturing standards – are a worsening problem, particularly in Asia. In some of poorer parts of the continent, up to a quarter of medicines fail quality tests.

Evidence shows that cheap generic drugs are the most faked medicines in Asia, although there appears to be a particular problem with anti-malarial drugs in places such as Laos and Cambodia. China and India appear to be production hotspots.

MACC boost
Author: IDEAS

Date: July 2012

This Policy Ideas explores negative public perception of MACC’s independence and recommends several steps that can be taken to improve this perception.

Hung Parliament and Caretaker Government
Author: IDEAS

Date: June 2012

In this Policy Ideas briefing paper we explore the steps necessary after an election, especially if there is an uncertain election outcome, or hung parliament. By looking at case studies from 3 mature constitutional democracies – United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Sweden – we argue that there is need for clear policies concerning the scope of a caretaker government, negotiations over government formation, and the role of the Rulers and Council of Rulers in the democratic process.

Hung Parliament and Caretaker Government
Author: IDEAS

Date: May 2012

This Policy Ideas evaluates the National Education Dialogue Series that have been organised by the Ministry of Education to review of our national education policy.

IDEAS attended the dialogue series in five first dialogues to observe the proceedings. We feel the Ministry has planned the series well, and, that it is also a very important part in ensuring the new education blueprint is inclusive.

Civil service and change of government
Author: IDEAS

Date: March 2012

This Policy Ideas briefing paper argues that a smooth transition is more than just a peaceful transfer of power. It is also about ensuring that the effective functioning of government does not become too disrupted during the transition period. It provides case studies on how transition was managed in the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany, and the strengths and weaknesses of the systems in these countries.

http://www.ideas.org.my/ideas-report-modern-agrotechnology-subsidies-malaysian-agriculture-using-wisely/

IDEAS REPORT: Modern agrotechnology and subsidies in Malaysian agriculture: Are we using them wisely?

Author: Wan Saiful

Date: April 2011

This report is the result of a study conducted by the Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (IDEAS). Our aim is to explore the issues faced by Malaysian farmers in relation to the use of modern agricultural technology. Our ultimate concern is to find ways by which the livelihoods (and productivity) of Malaysian farmers can be improved.