Date: December 2018
In this report under the API we consider the economic relationship between ASEAN and the European Union (EU). The comparison is often made between these two regional blocs, which represent the two leading efforts to integrate their respective regions. The EU’s economic integration is significantly deeper and supported by a far more developed institutional and legal framework. The EU is in general more economically developed than ASEAN and is also more homogeneous in its level of development across its Member States than is the case across the 10 members of ASEAN. Although both have been widening over the years by accepting new members, this has added more to ASEAN’s overall diversity than it has the EU’s, further increasing the overall heterogeneity between the two groupings. Despite these differences, we believe that ASEAN and the EU share an essential similarity: they are both groupings of countries that recognise the importance of regional integration and the benefits of trade and investment in the context of a rules-based system. We therefore believe that putting the economic relations between the EU and ASEAN on the best possible footing is crucial to the long-term prosperity of ASEAN, as well as the EU.
Date: December 2018
This report, aim to provide an external assessment of implementation of AEC Blueprint 2025. The scope of the AEC Blueprint is very broad, and our resources are modest in comparison – as a result this report is intended to serve as a foundation which we will build on in future reports.
To prepare this report, we have sought to follow the approach set out in the Monitoring and Evaluation Framework prepared by the AIMO of measuring both outcomes and compliance. The report is therefore structured as follows:
- Assessment of the outcomes of ASEAN integration using a set of economic indicators;
- Assessment of the implementation of the CSAP using publicly available information on measures and action which have been implemented; and
- Commentary on the broad messages of these assessments; and
- A sector “deep dive” for aviation, to consider issues relating to air transport integration
Date: December 2018
Malaysia’s paddy and rice sector is one of the most assisted and subsidized industries within the country, which has severe implications on the cost of rice production as well as the productivity of the industry. The government is faced with a challenging sectorial objective to balance between national food security, farmer welfare and low consumer prices.With the paddy sector’s stagnating productivity growth and the subsidy programs presenting an ever-increasing fiscal burden, there is a call to review and recalibrate how we approach these challenges.
In 2018, IDEAS conducted a research study of 125 interviews with paddy farmers from two major granary areas, MADA and IADABLS, to explore the efficacy of subsidies in Malaysia’s paddy sector in improving farmers’ welfare. Additional data were collected through focus group discussions with farmers and institutional officers to cross-reference the data collected. This Policy Ideas presents the findings of the study and the impact that agricultural subsidies have on farmers’ yield, income, cost and behavior.
Date: August 2018
Date: March 2018
IDEAS is a member of the Asia Democracy Research Network (ADRN), a network of think tanks and research organisations from across Asia that works on strengthening democracy in the region. In 2017, IDEAS Coordinator of Democracy and Governance, Aira Azhari contributed a chapter on Malaysia in an ADRN publication entitled “Combating Corruption toward Clean Governance in Asia: Country Cases.” This special report evaluates the current state of corruption in the region by studying the strengths and weaknesses of each country’s mechanisms including law and regulations, public participation, and public governance. The report investigates pressing, contemporary questions such as: What is the state of corruption in Asia? What successes and failures has each country experienced in controlling corruption? How can state of corruption in Asia be improved?